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On 31 December 2013, the CORE project formally finished after three years of intens research on governance, conflict transformation processes and conflict resolution in India and Europe.

Still our collaboration will not come to an end, and the research results will contribute to further research along these lines.

This website will be maintained throughout 2014.

Feel free to contact us at vicack @ prio.no

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On Tuesday 3 December, PRIO organised the final dissemination CORE conference "The role of governance in the resolution of socioeconomic and political conflict in India and Europe"

This event took place at the Fondation Universitaire, 11 rue d’Egmont, 1000 Brussels.

The reports are available here:

Dissemination Seminar

Final Conference Brussels


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On 11 - 12 November 2013, PRIA organised the International Conference in Delhi. This meeting brought together a select group from Delhi's academic practitioner and policy making cirles to share the key findings from this project and to discuss its future implications in therms of theory building, research, practice and policy. In addition the dissemination meeting structured the discussions around broad thematic rubrics that have cut across the case studies, such as the role of elections and electoral politics, autonomy, dialogue and reconciliation, resistance and protest and the role of civil society in conflict zones. It discussed the future implications of the project for theory, research, practice and policy and a special roundtable with policy makers was held at the end of the second day.

Invitees included academics, research scholars, conflict resolution practitioners from Delhi working broadly in the area of peace conflict and governance from universities and think tanks. The policy briefs generated from this project were used as the basis for discussion with a group of policy makers from Delhi including members of the Planning Commission, bureaucrats, elected representatives, and policy think tanks.

The event raised a lot of media interest and it was covered widely in the Indian press. A report of the press coverage can be found here.

The report of the conference can be downloaded here.

Please contact vicack @ prio.no for further information



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As part of the CORE project field research, Delhi University's lead researcher, Prof. Navnita Chadha Behera has just completed her field research in the Valley. 

This part of the field work involved almost fifteen senior research students and two faculty members of Delhi University along with two faculty members and seventeen students from  the Islamic University in Awantipora and Kashmir University in Srinagar. 

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Interview on EKKO about cultural differences in security expectations, 1 March, 2013 (in Norwegian).

EKKO interview 

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The policy brief series will be targeted towards policy audiences in the EU, India and the global partners. The series is based on relevant policy output from the research undertaken. It will be made available to the wider audience here, and via the networks of the involved project beneficiaries.

CORE policy brief 10/2013: Conflict, governance and peacebuilding in Kashmir: Behera, Navnita Chadha (2013)http://file.prio.no/Publications/COREPolicyBrief-10-2013 

The brief examines the basic parameters of the relationship between governance and peacebuilding processes. It first shows how certain governance initiatives have supported and strengthened peacebuilding processes in Jammu and Kashmir, while others have underminded the latter and even risked exacerbating the conflict, before going on to discuss certain fundamental - albeit common - difficulties faced by those responsible for shaping and sharing such processes. The brief identifies three broad sets of factors that determine the particular trajectory and outcome of any such endeavour.

CORE policy brief 09/2013:The importance of dialogical relations and local agency in governance initiatives for conflict resolution: Bernhard, Anna & Galvanek, Janel (2013)

This policy brief examines the role of dialogical relations and local agency in governance initiatives for conflict resolution on the basis of field research and analysis carried out within the project ‘The Role of Governance in the Resolution of Socioeconomic and Political Conflict in India and Europe (CORE)’. Because a sustainable conflict resolution process should be a collaboration among all conflict stakeholders, we focus on the importance of positive dialogical relations among all actors who are involved in conflict resolution initiatives, emphasizing the need to allow these actors to exercise their distinct local agency. We demonstrate that ensuring open and frequent communication and dialogue among different conflict stakeholders and acknowledging the importance of local agency in conflict resolution processes can notably improve the outcomes of governance initiatives in this field. We give specific examples from the cases under investigation within the CORE project. The examples presented in this brief are based on the field research carried out by other CORE project partners and may not be representative of all governance initiatives for conflict resolution within each case.

CORE policy brief 08/2013:Governing conflict and peacebuilding in India’s northeast and Bihar: Ghosh, Atig (2013)

This policy brief examines peacebuilding initiatives adopted by the In-dian government in India’s northeast and Bihar. Peacebuilding in In-dia is founded on the following doubtful political premises: (a) the state is strong; (b) conflicts may therefore be allowed to linger; (c) peace-building measures should not be initiated until a suitable moment arises; (d) the state’s adversaries must be softened up through a mix of strong responses and delays in addressing demands; (e) peace accords work; (f) a limited grant of autonomy is the best solution; and (g) struggles for justice are in essence intergroup conflicts for parity. A chief casualty of this governance style is society’s dialogic culture, while peace accords become part of the governance toolkit. Accordingly, pro-cesses and structures of governance need to be reinterrogated. An un-thinking importation of conflict resolution models from Europe or elsewhere may not do the job, though a critical comparative approach may be valuable. A recognition that conflict prevention depends on no-tions of justice, particularly gender justice, and a commitment to re-specting individual and collective rights is also essential. Grassroots human-rights organizations in conflict-prone areas need to be support-ed. Emphasis on awareness, advocacy, capacity-building, and pro-gramme design and implementation is also necessary.

CORE policy brief 07/2013: Conflict, Governance and Development: Amin, Imran; & Prakash, Amit (2013)

This policy brief examines the premises behind various governance initiatives implemented in the region of Bihar and Jharkhand to address the armed struggle that has emerged between the state and the ‘Naxals’ or ‘left-wing extremists’ as a result of feelings of social and economic injustice among the poor and oppressed sections of society. In so doing, it delineates three major concerns of these initiatives, related to: (1) security and policing, (2) the needs of democratic development, and (3) the politics of social justice. Across these concerns, the governance initiatives are underwritten by a logic of participation, according to which increasing the level of popular participation in the implementation of governance initiatives promises to provide mechanisms for addressing the agrarian social conflict over fair distribution of resources, rights and the social space. A brief look at the various actors and institutions involved in the practice of these governance initiatives is necessary if we are to address the central questions posed by the CORE project, which relate to: (1) the underlying rationalities of governance initiatives across the three thematics outlined above, (2) the character of the social interactions generated by the governance initiatives, and (3) the impact of those social interactions on the process and dynamics of the conflict.

CORE policy brief 06/2013: Village council elections in Jammu and Kashmir: DasGupta, Sumona; & Singh, Priyanka (2013)

In 2011 elections to village councils (henceforth referred to as halqa panchayats) were conducted in Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. This governance initiative has unleashed a host of intended and unintended consequences. This policy brief analyses the implications and consequences of the initiative from the perspective of institutional changes and new processes. The analysis is framed in the context of differences among the understandings of various stakeholders of the significance of the halqa panchayat elections of 2011 and their role in ushering in change in Jammu and Kashmir; and the institutional challenges inherent in the process of devolution of funds, functions and functionaries to the grassroots in a conflict area. The policy brief makes recommendations both to the state government and to administrative functionaries in order to ensure that this governance initiative achieves its full potential.

CORE policy brief 05/2013: Opening the Russian-Georgia railway link: Mikhelize, Nona (2013)

Soon after the parliamentary elec tion in 2012 Georgia’s new government declared its willingness to reconstruct and reopen the former railway communication link with Russia through Abkhazia, which was interrupted as a result of the Georgian–Abkhaz war in 1993. With its confidence-building character, the initiative is part of a broader Georgian foreign policy strategy aimed at re-establishing political and economic relations with Russia, a development that would represent a significant geopolitical challenge for the countries of the South Cauca- sus. The initiative will test Tbilisi’s ability to prevent any changes to Abkhazia’s current political status and to keep the project purely economic in nature.

CORE policy brief 04/2013: India's national biometric ID scheme: Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum; & Vij, Priyanka (2013)

India is currently implementing the world’s largest biometric identification programme: the nationwide Unique Identification Number (UID) system. The project aims to provide biometric IDs to all Indian residents, a total of more than 1.2 billion people. The eventual successes and challenges of the Indian project are likely to have an important influence on the development of national ID programmes in other countries. This policy brief examines legal and policy challenges related to national biometric registration and the forming of a biometric database. What are the challenges and lessons to be drawn from the Indian ID project?

CORE policy brief 03/2013: Interrogating peace in Meghalaya: Upadhyaya, Anjoo Sharan;Upadhyaya, Priyankar; & Yadav, Ajay Kumar (2013).

The policy brief examines claims regarding the peacefulness of India’s north eastern state of Meghalaya. It highlights the triggers and dynam-ics of the state’s ongoing conflict, which continues to smoulder be-neath the veneer of so-called peace. The brief critically evaluates gov-ernmental and nongovernmental initiatives for defusing and resolving the ongoing conflicts, and puts forward some recommendations for how to engender sustainable peace in the region.

CORE policy brief 02/2013: Enabling civil society in conflict resolution: Vogel, Birte; & Richmond, Oliver P. (2013)

Despite international interventions, a solution to the Cyprus conflict remains elusive, particularly since national elites use the conflict to maintain their own positions of power. Only the peace-related segment of Cyprus’s civil society has found ways of escaping ethno-nationalism. By prioritizing elite talks and linking funding to conditionality, donors are losing out on opportu-nities to achieve society-wide mobilization and reconciliation away from the limitations of elite-level negotiations. International donors continue to underestimate the importance of peace-orientated civil society and instead attempt to institutionalize, co-opt or marginalizcoe them. As a consequence, civil society has been confined to an isolated political space. Only through the moving of such a ‘peace space’ from the periphery to the centre of society will it be possible to facilitate a locally-accepted rather than an internationally-driven peace process. Accordingly, this policy brief offers recommendations as to how international donors could be more helpful than harmful by guarding the ‘third space’ rather than trying to manage it.

CORE policy brief 01/2013: Ensuring political representation in a restructured Bosnia and Herzegovina. by Elena B. Stavrevska, Central European University 

This policy brief highlights a largely overlooked problem in Bosnia and Herzegovina related to fictitious res-idence registration. In order to secure better social benefits or enable their children to receive an education in their mother tongue and instruction in the religion they practise, many citizens have opted to register themselves as residing in one entity while living in another. In so doing, they not only lose their eligi-bility to vote and to be represented politically where they live, but also limit their interaction with people of other ethnicities – and, accordingly, the possibility for reconciliation and genuine conflict resolution. This practice, encouraged by the lack of coordination between the entities, thus undermines the possibilities for democracy and sustainable peace in the country. How does the problem affect democracy and sus-tainable peace?






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